Main Maize Research Station, Godhra

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Introduction

Gujarat is one of the five major maize growing states of our country. In the state, it is chiefly grown by socio-economically poor tribal farmers in the districts of Panchmahals, Dahod, Vadodra, Sabarkantha, Banaskantha and Kheda.Maize being the staple food, tribals have certain ethnic preferences for color, texture, taste, etc., and prefer only those varieties which fulfill these criterias. Though traditionally, it is a kharif crop from past few years. It is also being cultivated in rabi season because of high yield levels and low cost of production. During the past 10 years, there is an increasing trend for area, production and productivity in maize. Presently productivity (1995 kg/ha) of Gujarat is little higher than national average (1750 kg/ha). The area under maize cultivation is about 4.5 lakh hectare (2005).