Pulse Research Station, Vadodara

AAU
AAU
 

AAU

Research Recommendation (Approved in Joint AGRESCO)

  1. Varieties

    Following varieties of different pulses have been developed by this centre or its data have been used to develop these varieties under the guidance of Research scientist (Pulses). Main Pulses Research Project, Sardarkrushinagar Dantiwada Agricultural University, Sardarkhushinagar.

    Sr. No. Crop/Released Variety Year of release Average Yield (kg ha-1) Potential Yield (kg ha-1) Remarks
    1. Pigeonpea
    1. GT-100 1992 1000-1200 1700 High yielding, pods in clusters, synchronized maturity
    2. GT-101* 2002 1300-1400 1800 High yielding, mid-early maturing, white seeded
    3. AGT-2 2009 1500-1600 1800 High yielding, profuse branching with more number of pods, white and bolder seed, least affected by pod borer and pod fly. Less incidence of Sterility Mosaic Disease and Wilt
    2.  Greengram
    1. GM-4* 2001 900-1000 1400 Partial resistance to YMV, High yielding
  2. Research Recommendations for the farmers : (Cropwise & 1984 onwards) :
    1. AGRONOMY :
      • Pigeonpea :
        • Pigeonpea variety BDN-2 should be shown at the onset of monsoon keeping 90 cm x 10 cm inter-row and intra-row spacing, respectively. It should be fertilized with 25-50-00 NPK kg/ha along with 250 kg Gypsum/ha. (1989-90).
        • Farmers growing pigeonpea (BDN-2) in middle Gujarat are advised to pick up two pod pickings on maturity and harvest the plant when third flush is matured to get maximum yield (3252 kg/ha) and net return (Rs. 23228/ha) (1989-90).
        • Farmers of middle Gujarat in Vadodara and Panchmahal districts taking pigeonpea-maize intercropping system in 1:1 ratio are advised to apply 100 kg N and 50 kg P2O5 per hectare to maize crop in addition to 18 kg N and 46 kg P2O5(100 kg DAP) per hectare, applied to pigeonpea crop. (1990-91).
        • Farmers of middle Gujarat growing pigeonpea are advised to apply 60 kg P2O5 / ha along with 250 kg Gypsum / ha . for getting the highest yield and net return. (1990-91).
        • Farmers of middle Gujarat Zone growing pigeonpea (BDN-2) are advised to take Uradbean (T-9) in 1:1 ratio keeping the inter-row spacing 45 cm as intercrop to obtain the highest equivalent yield (2109 kg/ha) and net return (Rs.14597/ha) under rainfed condition. (1992-93).
        • Farmers of middle Gujarat zone cultivating pigeonpea (BDN-2) under rainfed condition are recommended to take maize (Gangasafed-2) as an intercrop in 1:1 ratio with 60 cm inter-row spacing to get maximum equivalent yield (2130 kg/ha) and net profit (Rs. 15260/ha) (1992-93).
        • The farmers of middle Gujarat Agro-climatic Zone –III growing different varieties of pigeonpea are advised to fertilize their crop with 20 kg N and 40 kg P2O5 / ha. for obtaining 28.6 and 22.0 percent higher grain yield respectively over control and to get higher incremental return. (1998-99).
        • The farmers of middle Gujarat Zone-III growing pigeonpea are advised to follow the seed treatment with either Thirum (3 gm/ 1 kg seeds) or Trichoderma viride (1 kg/ 12 kg seeds) to reduce the wilt incidence and thereby to get higher grain yield (CFU 20 x 108/gm) (1996-97). (In collaboration with Pl. Pathology)
        • The pigeonpea growers of middle Gujarat are advised to adopt the seed treatment with bioagent T. harzanium (CFU 20 x 108/gm) @ 1 kg/ 12 kg of seeds for the effective control of wilt dieases of pigeonpea as well as for maximum monetary return (1:39.23). (1998- 99). (In collaboration with Pl. Pathology)
        • The farmers of Middle Gujarat Zone-III growing Pigeonpea in peri- urban areas are advised to apply two irrigations through sewage water (1st at one month after cessation of monsoon and 2nd at flowering stage) along with recommended dose of fertilizer application (25-50-00 NPK kg-ha-1) for higher yield and net realization (CBR :2.69). The use of sewage water did not show adverse effect on soil health and quality from heavy metals build up point of view. (2004-05)
        • The farmers of Middle Gujarat Agro-climatic Zone (AES-2) growing semi rabi pigeon pea are advised to apply two irrigations each of 50 mm at branching and pod development stage for getting economical yield.(2009-10)
        • The farmers of Middle Gujarat Agro Climatic Zone- III, who are interested to cultivate semi rabi pigeon pea are advised to grow pigeon pea var. GT-1 or BDN-2 at 60 or 75 cm row spacing for getting higher yield and net return.(2009-10)
        • The farmers of Middle Gujarat Agro Climatic Zone-III, growing pigeon pea in kharif season are advised to carry out inter culturing and hand weeding operations three times at 20, 40 and 60 DAS in order to get higher yield and net return.(2009-10)
      • Greengram
        • Farmers of middle Gujarat zone growing Mungbean (K-851) are advised to apply 20 kg P2O5 and 40 kg S / ha. to get maximum yield and realization. (1991-92).
        • Farmers of middle Gujarat Agro-climatic Zone-III growing summer Mungbean var. GM-3 in sandy loam soils are advised to sow their crop on 1st March and fertilize it with 10 kg N and 40 kg P2O5 per hectare to secure higher grain yield (1322 kg/ha) and net monetary return (Rs.26440/ha) (1998-99).
        • Farmers of middle Gujarat Zone-III growing Mungbean are advised to apply Rhizobium and PSB cultures as seed treatment either alone or along with recommended dose of fertilizers (20-40 N-P kg-ha-1) for getting higher yield and net return (CBR 2.02).(2004-05)
        • The farmers of Middle Gujarat growing green gram crop during Kharif season are advised to treat the seed with any one of the following insecticides for effective and economical management of sucking pest complex (aphid, jassid, thrips and whiteflies) and to get higher yield and net return.(2008-09)
      • Blackgram :
        • Farmers of middle Gujarat zone growing Uradbean (T-9) are recommended to apply 20 kg P2O5 and 40 kg S /ha to get highest yield and net profit. (1991-92).
        • Soils of the middle Gujarat Agro-climatic Zone-III are not deficient in micronutrients. The farmers are advised not to apply any micronutrient and to adopt only the recommended practices of N-P-K-S @ 20-18-17-20 kg/ha, respectively. to received maximum yield and net profit in urdbean (1998-99).
      • Maize :

        The farmers of Middle Gujarat Agro-climatic Zone (AES-2) growing rabi sweat corn are advised to apply 100 % recommended dose of fertilizer (120-40-0 kg NPK/ha) along with castor cake @ 2 t/ha for securing higher yield and maximum net profits.(2008-09)

    2. Plant Pathology:
      • Farmers of middle Gujarat Zone-III growing pigeonpea are advised to take sorghum or maize as an intercrop for effective control of wilt, which was recorded 16.13 % and 28.85%, respectively with sorghum and maize as an intercrop with pigeonpea. (1989-90).
      • The farmers of middle Gujarat Zone-III growing pigeonpea are advised to follow the seed treatment with either Thirum (3 gm/ 1 kg seeds) or Trichoderma viride (1 kg/ 12 kg seeds) to reduce the wilt incidence and thereby to get higher grain yield (CFU 20 x 108/gm) (1996-97). (In collaboration with Agronomy)
      • The pigeonpea growers of middle Gujarat are advised to adopt the seed treatment with bioagent T. harzanium (CFU 20 x 108/gm) @ 1 kg/ 12 kg of seeds for the effective control of wilt dieases of pigeonpea as well as for maximum monetary return (1:39.23). (1998-99). (In collaboration with Agronomy)