Agronomy

AAU
AAU
 

AAU

Professor and Head

Name of Professor & Name of Professor & Head Dr. M. V. Patel
Qualification Ph. D. (Agronomy)
Contact
Contact
Office 02692 262723
Mobile 9737071848
Residence 02692 262012
Ext 225703

Facilities on Farm

Total Farm Area : 47.0 ha.
Cultivable Area : 42.0 ha.
Crop cafeteria : 1.0 ha For P. G./ U.G. Teaching
Conference room – cum – Museum Three bore wells for irrigation

Major activities of the Department

  1. Educational activities:

    Department of Agronomy and College Agronomy Farm are fully engaged with teaching and both are well-equipped with all necessary facilities required to impart theory as well as practical training to U. G. and P. G. students. Courses including theory and practical teaching.

    To integrate teaching in class room with appropriate practical experience in the field, the course of Practical Crop Production was also introduced. Students get an opportunity to put into practice, they learn in different courses. The objectives of this course are to expose them to the practical problems of field work, to develop decision making ability for conducting farm operations as a business man and also to earn while you learn

  2. Research activities:

    Department of Agronomy is mainly associated with teaching, however, besides teaching activities, it is associated with research work to develop improved package of agronomic practices of different crops.

    For conducting location specific and problem oriented research work, N. A. R. P. is also doing research to identify the field problems faced by the cultivators in the main crops of this region in consultation with growers and extension workers.

    Compost unit for different methods of composting including vermicompost unit, and other agency projects on “Feasibility of Bio-treated Industrial Waste in Agriculture’’ (Gujarat Alklies and Chemicals Ltd) and “Effect of mobicel-h on nutrient availability in soils and response to its application by potato and maize crops” (Excel industries ltd., Mumbai) are also conducted under research activiets.

 

Details of ongoing research Research project in progress:

1.   Establishment of Organic Farming Research Cell. (B.H. 10903 )

i.     Long term effect of soil-test based fertilizer use with and without organic manure on bajra-wheat crop sequence.

ii.    Long term effect of organic manures on soil, yield and quality in crop sequence, wheat (rabi) – groundnut.(kharif) crop sequence.

iii.   Assessment of organic farming and inorganic nutrient supply on yield and quality of sweet corn – gram sequence

iv.   Assessment of organic farming and inorganic nutrient supply on yield and quality of cabbage – okra sequence.

v.    Effect of integrated nutrient management through vermicompost on transplanted pearlmillet in summer season.

vi.   Efficacy of NADEP compost on yield of tomato cv. GT-2.

vii.  Assessment of Natural Organic Liquid (NOL) and inorganic nutrient supply system on yield and quality of Fennel (GF-2).

viii. Assessment of Natural Organic Liquid (NOL) and inorganic nutrient supply system on yield and quality of summer groundnut (GG-2).

2.   Departmental Experiments:

i.Long-term effect of soil test based fertilizer use with and without organic manure on pearlmillet -wheat sequence.

ii.Response of irrigated Bt. Cotton to N, P and Micronutrients.

iii.Effect of K, Mg and S on growth and yield of Bt. cotton.

3.   NARP Experiments:.

Effect of integrated nutrient management through vermicompost on productivity of transplanted pearl millet in summer season.

Effect of row spacing and varieties on quality and yield of soybean under middle Gujarat conditions.

4.   Other Agency Projects: (Year 2011-12)

Sr.No.

Name of Trial

Name of Agency

1.

Biosafety Research Trial Level-1 of Transgenic corn hybrids with event GA21 and Bt11 x GA21 stacked in India

Syngenta Bioscience Pvt. Ltd. Puna

2.

Farmer’s Participatory Action Research Progremme

CWC, MoWR, Govt. of India, New Delhi

3.

Bioefficacy of Shiram products HYT-A, HYT-B, HYT-C and suryamin on growth and yield of Tomato

Shiram Fertilizers Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi

4.

Technical Evaluation of Ocean Agro Products

Ocean Agro (India) Limited 76-77, GIDC Industrial Estate, Nandesari-391 340 Dist. Vadodra

Extension Activities:

To give new technical information to the farmers, agricultural school students and visitors arriving at College Agronomy Farm to help them in increasing crop production. Publication of popular articles for farming communities.

Farm advisory service

 i.   On an average monthly 30 farmers are orally advised regarding cultivation practices, recent crop varieties, organic manures, vermicompost, fertilizer recommendations, water management, soil solarization, weedicides and other agronomical management practices of transplanted paddy, wheat, maize, bajara, pulses like tur, green gram, udid, soybean, commercial crops like tobacco, cotton, oilseeds crops likes groundnut, sesame, castor, safflower.

ii. We are also providing them write up of cultivation practices of different crops in person.

iii. Attending Khedut Shibir, Khedut Din, Krushi Mela, Krushi Mahotsav – also delivered talks on cultivation practices, fertilizer management, irrigation management, weed management.

iv.  Radio talks given on agronomical aspects : 10
      T. V. talks given on agronomical aspects : 05

v.  Attaining education tours of farmers, schools, and college students.

vi. Delivered talks in pre-seasonal and bi-monthly workshop of SMS line. Department of Guj. at SSK every six month.

vii. Delivering lectures in the training programmes of farmers being scheduled at SSK, AAU, Anand by Director of Extension Education, Anand, every month.To attain Krushigovidhya - SETCO

viii. The Agronomy Farm is also producing the seeds and seedlings of improved varieties of Chilli, Tobacco, Okra, Cluster bean, etc. crops for the farming community.

ix.  VCR (Village Center Resources) Net Work on each Thursday.

x.  Training organized on organic farming

 

Major achievements of the department:

  1. Teaching

In teaching, this department has 42 credits under U. G. teaching for B. Sc. (Agri.) Degree coruse and about 82 credits in P. G. Teaching (M. Sc. (Agri.) and Ph. D.) courses including theory and practical teaching
*U.G.Courses: 9 (11+9 = 20 credits) : Educational Tour (0+2)
* P.G. Courses : 28 (61+21 = 82 credits)

Post graduate students who obtained degree in Agronomy subject : M.Sc.(Agri) : 253; Ph. D. : 46

  1. Research

Though the department is mainly associated with teaching, it is also conducting important research work to develop improved package of agronomic practices of different crops. Year wise recommendations Made on different crops are given in Table:1.

a.      Recommendations:

§         Inter cropping in pigeonpea.

§         Spacing and nitrogen requirement of pearlmillet crop.

§         Row spacing requirement of sesame (semi rabi)

§         Water management in summer pearl millet crop.

§         Bio-fertilizer in sugarcane.

§         Water management in summer groundnut

§         Water management in potato

§         Drip Irrigation in brinjal

§         Irrigation scheduling, nitrogen and ascorbic acid use in mustard

§         Sowing dates and methods for mustard crop

§         Planting technique and phosphorus requirement for pearlmillet crop

§         Phosphorus requirement and planting method in pegionpea

§         Fertilizer management in chicory

§         Irrigation, date of sowing and spacing requirement of chicory

§         Method and time of irrigation in safflower

§         Spacing, nitrogen and phosphorus requirement in safflower

§         Nutrient management in chickpea

§         Water management in cotton

§         Feasibility of cotton based crop sequence under middle Gujarat condition

§         Productivity and economics of kharif, summer crop sequences

§         Integrated nutrient management in pearlmilet – potato crop sequence.

§         Integrated nutrient management in pearlmilet – wheat crop sequence.

§         Time of sowing of rabi castor.

§         Nutrient management in Bt cotton.

Table-1. Year wise Recommendations made by the Department of Agronomy

Year

Number of Reco.

Crops

1986

3

Pigeonpea, Pearlmillet and semi-rabi sesame

1990

1

Pearlmillet

1992

1

Sugarcane

1993

3

Summer groundnut, Potato and Egg plant

1994

2

Mustard

1995

1

Pearlmillet

1996

1

Pigeonpea

1997

2

Chicory

1998

2

Safflower

1999

2

Chickpea and Cotton

2000

2

Cotton base crop sequence and kharif– Sunflower crop sequence

2001

1

Pearlmillet- wheat cropping system

2003

1

Castor

2004

1

Groundnut

2006

1

Castor

2007

3

Maize, pearmillet-wheat, pearlmillet-potato

2008

1

Castor

2011

1

Cotton

Total

29

 

b.      Research recommendations for the farmers approved in joint AGRESCO

1.      Intercropping in pigeon pea (23rd Agresco, 1986)

The intercropping of two rows of bunch groundnut (JL-24) in between two rows of pigeon pea (T-15-15) grown at 90 cm spacing during Kharif is more remunerative than the sole crop of pigeon pea in middle Gujarat agro-climatic Zone-III (AES-II)

2.      Spacing and nitrogen requirement of pearl millet crop (23rd Agresco, 1986)

In middle Gujarat agro-climatic Zone-III (AES-II), farmers growing pearl millet (GHB-27) in Kharif are advised to fertilize the crop @ 120 kg N/ha with inter row spacing 30, 45 or 60 cm.

3.      Row spacing requirement of sesamum (semi-rabi) (23rd Agresco, 1986)

For cultivation of semi-rabi sesame under middle Gujarat agro-climatic conditions, farmers are advised to grow variety Purva-1 by keeping 45 cm row spacing.

4.      Water management in summer pearl millet crop (26th Agresco, 1990)

Farmers of middle Gujarat agro-climatic conditions growing summer pearl millet variety GHB-30 are advised to apply 10 irrigations each of 50 mm depth, first at 10 days after sowing and subsequent irrigations at 7 days interval.

5.      Bio-fertilizer in sugarcane (28th Agresco, 1992)

To achieve maximum crop yield and net realization from sugarcane, the farmers of middle Gujarat agro-climatic zone-III are advised to give Azotobacter treatment to the sugarcane sets @ 2 kg/ha at the time of planting in addition to the recommended dose of fertilizer (250+125+125 kg NPK/ha to the crop (CBR 1:8.5).

6.      Water management in summer groundnut (29th Agresco, 1993)

The farmers of middle Gujarat agro-climatic zone-III (AES-II) growing summer groundnut are advised to irrigate the crop at physiological growth stages viz., branching (25-30 DAS), flowering (40-45 DAS), peg formation (55-60 DAS), peg penetration (65-70 DAS), pod formation (80-85 DAS), pod development (91-95 DAS), pod filling (102-107 DAS) and ripening (115-120 DAS) along with a common irrigation after sowing (nine irrigations each of 50 mm depth). Further, the crop should be sprayed with growth stimulants MS-III N 0.1% (40 DAS) or Boric Acid 0.2% (30 DAS) for maximum yield and higher net return.

7.      Water management in potato (29th Agresco, 1993)

The farmers of middle Gujarat agro-climatic zone-III (AES-II) growing potato (Kufri chandramukhi) crop are advised to give nine irrigations each of 9 cm depth (1.6 IW/CPE ratio) with 220 kg N + 110 kg P2O5 + 220 kg K2O/ha along with additional application of 110 kg N/ha through dry Azolla (3.4 t/ha) for getting higher net return and production. The first common irrigation should be applied 4 days before planting the crop and second should be given during the time of emergence of potato. The subsequent irrigations should be given at an interval of 8 days.

8.      Drip irrigation in brinjal (29th Agresco, 1993)

The farmers of middle Gujarat agro-climatic zone-III (AES-II) growing brinjal are advised to adopt drip method of irrigation to save 24.3% irrigation water. The system should be laid out as 180 cm between laterals and 120 cm between dripper of 2 lph capacities. The system should be operated at a pressure of 2 kg/cm2 on every third day as per the following schedule.

November-5hrs.30 min.December to February - 4 hrs. to 4 hrs. 50 min.March-6 hrs. 45min.April - 8 hrs. 40 min.

Farmers those having no drip irrigation system can also grow brinjal by adopting surface irrigation system in which 15 irrigations of 6 cm depth should be given as shown below.

Two common irrigations - at Transplanting and 5 DATP
In November - 8 to 10 days intervals.
December to February - 10 to 12 days intervals.
March - 6 to 8 days intervals.

They are also advised to apply 100 kg N + 50 kg P2O5 + 40 kg K2O/ha with additional 50 kg N/ha through dry Azolla (1.43 t/ha) with Azotobacter culture (10 packets each of 500 g/ha with minimum 108bacterial count) or without Azotobacter in both the above system of irrigations i.e. drip and surface flooding system.

9.      Irrigation scheduling, N and ascorbic acid use in mustard (30th Agresco, 1994)

Farmers of middle Gujarat agro-climatic zone-III (AES-II) growing mustard (GM-1) are advised to irrigate the crop with 50 mm water depth either at critical growth stage (node elongation, 25-30 DAS; flowering, 45-50 DAS and pod development 75-80 DAS) or at 0.6 IW/CPE ratio (3 irrigations).
The crop should be fertilized with 50 kg N/ha. They are also advised to treat the seeds in 25 ppm as ascorbic acid solution (for seed soaking treatment, take 40 mg ascorbic acid and dissolve in 1.6 litres of water. Add this solution in 4 kg of mustard seeds. Stir seeds frequently for uniform soaking. Keep the seeds for 3 hrs. Spread treated seeds in shade on paper/gunny beg and dry. Repeat this for 2 times.

10. Sowing dates and methods for mustard crop (30th Agresco, 1994)

The farmers of middle Gujarat agro-climatic zone-III (AES-II) growing mustard (GM-1) are advised to drill the crop in the 1st week of October to get higher seed yield and net return. The sowing period can be extended up to 20th October. Transplanting of mustard seedlings is not advisable for timely sown crop. If the land is not free by the end of October and farmers are desire to grow mustard, they are advised to adopt any of two methods, as both are equally effective. Drilling or transplanting after 9th November is not advisable.

11. Planting technique and P requirement for pearl millet crop (31st Agresco, 1995)

The farmers of middle Gujarat agro-climatic zone-III (AES-II) growing summer pearl millet are advised to raise the crop by transplanting method than drilling (25% more income). Transplanting should be done with 20-30 days old seedlings during 1st fortnight of March. Application of phosphorus is not found beneficial in soils analyzing medium in available P.

12. Phosphorus requirement and planting method in pigeon pea (32nd Agresco, 1996)

The farmers of middle Gujarat agro-climatic zone-III (AES-II) growing kharif pigeon pea (GT-100) are advised to follow paired row system with inter-row spacing of 30 x 90 cm x 30 cm. Application of P was not found beneficial when available P status was high.

13. Fertilizer management in chicory (33rd Agresco, 1997)

Farmers of middle Gujarat agro-climatic zone-III (AES-II) growing chicory are advised to fertilize the crop with 100 kg N (CBR 1:3.0) along with 50 kg K2O/ha (ICBR 1:2.70). Phosphorus application was not found beneficial in high P status.

14. Irrigation, date of sowing and spacing requirement of chicory (33rd Agresco, 1997)

The farmers of middle Gujarat agro-climatic zone-III (AES-II) growing chicory are advised to sow the seeds either by adopting broadcasting or line sowing method 30 cm apart during the first week of November to get maximum yield and net return (1:2). They are also advised to irrigate the crop at 0.7 IW/CPE ratio, which requires eleven (11) irrigations each of 50 mm depth. The first irrigation should be given just after sowing, rest four irrigations of 20 days intervals. The 6th and 7th irrigations at an interval of 10 days and remaining 4 irrigations at 10 days interval.

15. Method and time of irrigation in safflower (34th Agresco, 1998)

The farmers of middle Gujarat agro-climatic zone-III (AES-II) growing safflower are advised to apply one irrigation of 50 mm depth at seed development stage apart from one common irrigation just after sowing to get 17% more yield.

16. Spacing, N and P requirement of safflower (34th Agresco, 1998).

The farmers of middle Gujarat agro-climatic zone-III (AES-II) growing safflower are advised to sow the crop at 60 cm spacing and fertilize it with 40 kg N (14% more yield) and 20 kg P2O5/ha (11% more yield).

17. Nutrient management in chickpea (35th Agresco, 1999)

Farmers of middle Gujarat agro-climatic zone-III (AES-II) growing chickpea variety ICCC-4 are advised to treat the seeds with rhizobium culture (108 cells/g) and apply 5 t FYM/ha along with 25 kg N/ha and 25 kg P2O5/ha as a basal dose.

18. Water management in cotton (35th Agresco, 1999)

Farmers of middle Gujarat agro-climatic zone-III (AES-II) growing hybrid Cotton 8 are advised to irrigate the crop by alternate furrow method of irrigation to save 40% irrigation water. They are also advised to apply 3 sprays of 20 ppm NAA (at 60, 90 and 120 DAS) and fertilize the crop with 320 kg N/ha (in four equal splits at one month interval) for 25% higher yield.

19. Feasibility of cotton based crop sequence under middle Gujarat condition 36th Agresco, 2000).

Farmers of middle Gujarat agro-climatic zone-III (AES-II) growing cotton are advised to sow hybrid cotton 8 from 15th to 30th May and for rabi crops grown after cotton are advised to sow cabbage and onion up to 1st fortnight of December, potato at 1st fortnight of November and wheat from 1stfortnight of November to 2nd fortnight of November for obtaining higher yield. Further, sowing of cotton (15th May)-cabbage (2nd fortnight of November), cotton (30th May)-onion (1st fortnight of November) and cotton (15th May)-onion (1st fortnight of November) sequences found to be the best cotton based crop sequences for getting higher yield and monetary return.

20. Productivity and economics of kharif-summer crop sequences (36th Agresco, 2000)

Farmers of middle Gujarat agro-climatic zone-III (AES-II) are advised to grow okra for vegetable during summer in sequence with kharif crop like fennel, brinjal or cotton for getting maximum production and net return of kharif crops as well as for higher total net returns of the sequence. Farmers growing tobacco or pigeon pea are advised to grow cowpea for vegetable in summer for getting maximum net return. Brinjal and fennel among kharif crops and okra and cowpea among summer crops gave higher monetary returns as compared to other crops.

21. Fertilizer management in pearl millet – wheat cropping system (37th>/sup> Agresco, 2001)

Farmers of middle Gujarat zone-III (AES-II) following pearl millet – wheat crop sequence are advised to apply 10 tones FYM/ha to kharif pearl millet along with 120 kg N and to the subsequent rabi wheat crop 120 kg N and 40 kg P2O5/ha for getting higher yield and maximum net return. Application of phosphorus to pearl millet and potash to wheat crop is not found beneficial in the sequence.

22. Response of kharif transplanted fennel to varying spacing, N and phosphorus on yield and quality (39th Agresco, 2003)

The farmers of middle Gujarat Agro-climatic condition, zone – III (AES-I & II) growing fennel (GF-2) in Kharif season (mid of August) are advised to apply FYM @ 12.5 t/ha as common application before one month prior to transplant the seedling at 90 cm x 60 cm spacing. They are also advised to apply nitrogen @ 80 kg/ha for maximum production of seed yield (2055 kg/ha), the highest net realization (Rs. 21818/ha) and BCR (1:1.13). Under the high status of available phosphorus, the application of phosphorus to fennel crop is not found advantageous.

23. Integrated nutrient management in summer groundnut and its residual effect on kharif pearlmillet. (40th Agresco, 2004).

Farmers of middle Gujarat Agro-climatic zone (AES-I & II) following summer groundnut – pearlmillet (kharif) crop sequence, soil having high available phosphours status are advised to use Rhizobium spp. (strain R.G.A.-1) phosphorus solubilizing bacteria (Bacillus coagulans, PGA-16) containing 108 CFU/g carrier as seed treatment for groundnut (5+5=10 pckets/ha i.e., 2 kg/ha) to get higher pod equivalent yield and return.

24. Response of hybrid castor (GCH-5) to different spacing and nitrogen levels on growth, yield and quality under irrigated conditions (2rd Agresco, 2006).

Farmers of middle Gujarat Agro-climatic zone (AES-P1-P2) growing hybrid castor (GCH-5) under irrigated condition are advised to adopt 150 cm x 60 cm or 150 cm x 75 cm spacing and apply 60 kg N/ha besides basal application of FYM @ 12.5 t/ha and 50 kg P2O5/ ha) for securing potential production and higher net return.

25. Nitrogen management in rabi maize [Seed treatment with biofertlizer and N split in rabi maize] (3rd Agresco, 2007).

The farmers of middle Gujarat Agro-climatic zone –III (AES-I & II) growing maize cv. GM-3 in rabi season are advised to treat the seeds with Azospirillum lipoferum culture having 108 C.F.U. at sowing and apply 120 kg N/ha splitting 25 percent N at basal (30 kg/ha), 50 percent N at knee high stage (60 kg/ha) and 25 percent nitrogen at tasseling stage (30 kg/ha) for securing higher seed yield, net realization and Cost Benefit Ratio. Whereas, marginal farmers should apply 60 kg N/ha to maize crop.

26. INM in pearlmillet-wheat sequence [Effect of organic manures, inorganic fertilizers and their integration on pearlmillet – wheat crop sequence] (3rd Agresco, 2007).

The farmers of middle Gujarat Agro-climatic zone III (AES-I & II) are advised to apply 100 % NPK as per soil test through inorganic fertilizers to both pearlmillet (GHB- 316, 558) in kharif and wheat (GW-496) in rabi grown in a sequence under irrigated conditions for getting higher production and net realization (CBR pearlmillet 1:3.30; wheat 1:4.31).

27. INM in pearlmillet – potato sequence [Effect of organic manures, inorganic fertilizers and their integration on pearlmillet – potato crop sequence] (3rd Agresco, 2007).

The farmers of middle Gujarat Agro-climatic zone III (AES-I & II) practicing pearlmillet (GHB- 316, 558) in kharif – potato (Kufari badshah) (rabi) crop sequence under irrigated conditions need to apply 100 % recommended NPK through chemical fertilizers to to both the crops for getting higher production and net realization (CBR pearlmillet 1:3.30; potato 1:1.55). Moreover, farmers interested to use organic sources through castor cake in pearlmillet (80 kg N/ha RDN) and potato (220 kg N/ha RDN) grown in a sequence.

28. Response of semi-rabi castor to dates of sowing and spacing (4th Agresco, 2008).

The farmers of middle Gujarat Agro-climatic zone III (AES-I & II) are advised to sow the semi-rabi castor (GCH-5) during 10 to 25th September and with the spacing either 90 or 120 cm x 60 or 75 cm. However, due to higher vegetative growth of GCH – 5, it is feasible to raise the crop by 120 cm x 75 cm spacing.

29. Response of irrigated Bt cotton to N, P and micronutrient

The farmers of middle Gujarat agro climatic zone-III (AES-2) growing irrigated Bt cotton are advised to apply 10 t FYM/ha and 240 kg N/ha i.e.60 kg N/ha as a basal and remaining 180 kg N/ha in three equal split at one month interval for securing higher yield.