Agricultural Chemistry & Soil science

AAU
AAU
 

AAU

Genesis/history

The Anand campus was a constituent of Gujarat Agricultural University with the split it becomes Anand Agricultural University from May 01, 2004. The Department of Agricultural Chemistry and Soil Science was set up in 1947 with the inception of the B. A. College of Agriculture at Anand.

Dr. C. C. Shah (1947 – 55) was the pioneer of this department, who established a sound base for research, teaching and extension activities in the field of Agricultural Chemistry. He visualized the need for research in potash and micronutrients and initiated some work particularly on Manganese and Iron through Postgraduate research. Later, Dr. B. V. Mehta a renowned scientist took over as Professor (1956 – 75) and gave mass momentum to this new line of research in the state as well as in the country.  

The divisions associated with teaching and research activities in the field of Agricultural Chemistry and Soil Science and other laboratory services like soil testing, fertilizer testing, and management of natural resources, soil productivity and fertility. The Department is assigned with the responsibilities of undertaking teaching, research and extension in various fields of Agricultural Chemistry and Soil Science in middle Gujarat and for coordinating the research programmes in campus and other regional research stations.

 

Mandate

 

1.      To impart undergraduate & post graduate teaching and training for human resource development

2.      To conduct research experiments for natural resource management for improving soil fertility and sustainability.

3.      To render advisory service to the farmers through different extension modes for their soil related problems

 

Vision: Ensure and enhancing excellent under graduate and post graduate education and impart knowledge and skills for efficient natural resource management by developing different technologies and transfer of technology by extension programme

Mission: Enhancing education in soil science and management of natural resources for improving soil fertility and productivity of middle Gujarat region

 

A.   Name of Professor and Head of Department: Dr. V. R. Bhatt

1.      Qualification : M. Sc.(Agri.), Ph. D. (Soil Science)

2.      Specialization : Soil Fertility (K dynamics, Humus)

3.      Contact information

B.  Facilities available at department

The department is well equipped to take up the emerging challenges of soil and water quality, environmental protection etc by reorienting it research pursuits addressing the emerging issues viz., enhancing nutrient use efficiency (NUE), integrated nutrient management (INM), management of soil fertility and productivity for sustainable agriculture.

Department also have well equipped laboratory for chemical analysis of soil, water, plant and manure samples. Facilities for micronutrient, pesticides and biochemical analysis are available within the campus in various research projects.

 

C.   Infrastructure of department:

All require infrastructure facilities like staff rooms, computer room, instruments room, class room, store room, net house, pot house department library, UG and PG laboratories etc. are available with the department.

 

D.  Library facility:

In addition to the central library of the university, the department library has more than 293 books and periodicals in the subject of Agriculture Chemistry and Soil Science, which are utilized by technical staff and PG students for their research and teaching work. This library also has more than 195 thesis volumes, which were submit by PG students of this department during their course of study.

 

E. Education

Education is crucial to upgrade skills and knowledge of the scientific as well as other staff members to make research programmes more need based and effective. National and international collaboration would be ensured to keep abreast with the state-of –the- art knowledge across the globe. Knowledge empowerment will be given special priority to increase the competence level, competitiveness and the efficiency of the human resource of the institution.

 

Under Graduate Programme: B.Sc. (Hons.) Agri.  (As per 4th Deans Committee of ICAR Since 2008-09)

Sr. No.

Course  No.

Title of subject

Credit

1

Ag. Chem. 1.1

Introduction to Soil Science

2+1=3

2

Ag. Chem. 2.2

Soil Chemistry, Soil Fertility and Nutrient Management

2+1=3

3

Ag. Chem. 6.3

Manures, Fertilizers and Agro chemicals

2+1=3

4

Envs. 6.1

Environmental Science (In collaboration with Botany Department) - Practical

1+1=2

5

Ag. Chem. 7.3

Rural Agricultural Work Experience (RAWE)

0+1=1

6

 Ag. Chem. 8.4

Soil Management (Conservation, Problematic Soils and Soil quality)

2+1=3

 Post Graduate Programme: M.Sc. (Agri.), Ph.D.:

Total 24 different subject pertaining to soil science subject are teaches as per 4th Deans Committee of ICAR, since 2009-10.

Sr. No.

Course No.

Title of the course

Credits

1

Soils 501

Soil physics

2+1

2

Soils 502

Soil fertility and fertilizer use

3+1

3

Soils 503

Soil chemistry

2+1

4

Soils 504

Soil mineralogy, genesis, classification and survey

2+1

5

Soils 505

Soil erosion and conservation

2+1

6

Soils 506

Soil biology and biochemistry

2+1

7

Soils 507

Geomorphology and geochemistry

2+0

8

Soils 508

Radio isotopes in soils and plant studies

2+1

9

Soils 509

Soil, water and air pollution

2+1

10

Soils 510

Remote sensing and GIS techniques for soil and crop studies

2+1

11

Soils 511

Analytical techniques and instrumentation methods in soil and plant analysis

0+2

12

Soils 512

System approaches in soils and crop studies

2+1

13

Soils 513

Management of problematic soils and water

2+1

14

Soils 514

Fertilizer technology

1+0

15

Soils 515

Land degradation and restoration

1+0

16

Soil 601

Advances in soil physics

2+0

17

Soil 602

Advances in soil fertility

2+0

18

Soil 603

Physical chemistry of soils

2+0

19

Soil 604

Soil genesis and micro pedology

2+0

20

Soil 605

Biochemistry of soil organic matter

2+0

21

Soil 606

Land use planning and watershed management

2+0

22

Ag. Chem 1.1

Introduction to soil science (Pre requisite)

2+1

23

Ag.Chem. 2.2

Soil chemistry, soil fertility and nutrient management (Pre requisite)

2+1

24

PGS 504

Basic concepts in laboratory techniques (Non credit)

0+1

Students earned Master and Doctorate Degree (1947-2012):

No. of P. G. Student (Completed)

:

M. Sc. (Agri.) – 166

Ph. D. (Agri) – 29

No. of P. G. Student (Continue)

:

M. Sc. (Agri) – 18

 Ph. D. (Agri) –02

F.   Research

            Total 14 recommendations for farmers and information for scientific community have been achieve.             Fertilizer management recommendations are made for different pulses, cereals and oilseeds crops.

            In addition to farmer recommendation, screen out of varieties for different crops under green house study. In this department, critical limits of nutrients in plant parts of different crops also developed.  Fundamental research work is also carried out through Post Graduate research in form of M.Sc. (Agri) and Ph.D. thesis. Till the date department has successfully completed 1 NATP and 10 other agency research projects.

Major Achievement of the Department (2004-12):

Sr.

No.

Items

2004-12

1

No. of PG Students Awarded Degrees (1947-2012)

M. Sc.(Agri.) :166

Ph.D.             : 29

Total              : 195

2

No. of Research Paper Published in national and international journal

44

 

3

No. of Research Paper presented in Seminar/Symposium/

Conference

18

4

No. National level of Seminar/Symposium/Workshop/ Training organized

12

5

Farmers Training Organized

09

6

Seminar/Symposium/workshop/Training attended by staff

36

7

Training / Lab manuals

03

8

Award and recognition

09

9

Lectures delivered to the farmers/scientist/staff

39


G.  Extension activities

Besides the routine activities, this department has been also actively participated in various extension activities like imparting training to the Agril. Officer and subject matter specialist of the Department of Agriculture, Gujarat State under T & V system, an advisory services provide to the farmers, extension workers and private organization including radio talk and doordarsan programmes. The advisory services on farmer’s problem are given through soil and water analysis conducting field trips, attending farmers day and Gram Sabha, Participated in Krushi mela and discussion on various problems in meeting including field training for under graduate students.

 

H.  Other activity

Farm Visits: The scientists of this department visit to farmers for on-the-spot guidance and suggestions for the problems

Lecture on invitation: The staff members of this department deliver lecture on invitation by academic institution, NGO organization and Government developmental agencies

 

Future plans/thrust areas

1.  To identify the pockets of multi-nutritional deficiencies and availability location specific and crop/cropping sequence specific for nutrient package

2.  For promoting alternative organic sources of nutrients for sustainable agriculture.

3.  To proposed water quality appraisal scheme over the entire region which include groundwater and surface water bodies.

4.  To study the dynamics of nutrients in soil

5.  To study on nutrient interaction in soil and plant

6. To find out the impact of agricultural practices on soil physical properties and their remediation wherever possible

Soil Microbiology – Crop residue management, vermi technology, organic farming and Integrated Nutrient Management 

  1. Office : 091-2692-225742
  2. Fax : 091-2692-261076
  3. Email : vimalbhtt@yahoo.co.in